Innovative Gadgets

The perfect E Ink tablets for 2024

I am a pocket book lover and have been for many of my life. I’ve had dozens over time, serving as protected locations for me to dump story concepts, to-do lists, assembly notes and every part in between. However at a sure level, I turned away from bodily notebooks as a result of it turned simpler to avoid wasting all of these issues digitally in numerous apps that had been at all times accessible to me on my telephone. Right now, individuals like me may be served properly by E Ink tablets. They will mix the sensation of writing in a daily pocket book with most of the conveniences of digitized paperwork. Plus, lots of them include an included stylus, an adjunct it’s a must to pay further for when shopping for an ordinary slab. Sadly, although, E Ink tablets are nowhere close to as ubiquitous as basic tablets — however there are simply sufficient of them now to make deciding which is best for you extra sophisticated than you would possibly assume. We examined out seven totally different E Ink tablets to see how properly they work, how handy they are surely and that are the perfect tablets utilizing E Ink screens accessible at this time.

Are E Ink tablets price it?

An E Ink pill will likely be a worthwhile buy to a really choose group of individuals. For those who favor the feel and appear of an e paper show to LCD panels discovered on conventional tablets, it makes plenty of sense. They’re additionally good choices for many who desire a extra paper-like writing expertise (though you may get that form of performance on a daily pill with the fitting display protector) or a extra distraction-free system total.

The ultimate observe is vital right here. Most E Ink tablets don’t run on the identical working methods as common tablets, so that you’re robotically going to be restricted in what you are able to do. And even with those who do assist you to obtain conventional apps like Chrome, Instagram and Fb, E Ink tablets are usually not designed to provide the greatest casual-browsing expertise. That is principally because of the nature of E Ink shows, which have noticeable refreshes, a scarcity of shade and decrease high quality than the panels you’ll discover on even the most cost effective iPad.

Arguably the most important motive why you wouldn’t need to go along with an iPad (all fashions of which help stylus enter, a plethora of studying apps, and so on) is as a result of it’s a lot simpler to get distracted by e mail, social media and different Web-related temptations. An e-reader can be price contemplating if that is so for you, however simply know that the majority commonplace e-readers don’t settle for stylus enter. For those who wish to make notes within the margins of books, underline and mark up PDFs and the like, an e-reader gained’t minimize it.

What to search for in an E Ink pill


I found 4 most important issues that may actually make or break your expertise with an E Ink pill throughout my testing; first is the writing expertise. How good it’s will rely rather a lot on the show’s refresh fee (does it refresh after each time you place pen to “paper,” so to talk?) and the stylus’ latency. Most had little to no latency, however there have been some that had been worse than others. Lastly, it’s best to double verify earlier than shopping for that your most popular E Ink pill comes with a stylus.


The second factor to think about is the studying expertise. How a lot will you be studying books, paperwork and different issues on this pill? Whereas you’ll find E Ink tablets in all totally different sizes, most of them are usually bigger than your commonplace e-reader as a result of it makes writing a lot simpler. Having a bigger show isn’t a nasty factor, nevertheless it would possibly make holding it for lengthy durations barely extra uncomfortable. (Most e-readers are roughly the dimensions of a paperback e book, providing you with the same feeling to analog studying).

The supported file sorts may also make an enormous distinction. It’s onerous to make a blanket assertion right here as a result of this varies a lot amongst E Ink tablets. The TL;DR is that you just’ll have a significantly better studying expertise in the event you go along with one made by an organization that already has a historical past in e-book gross sales (i.e. Amazon or Kobo). The entire titles you acquire by way of the Kindle or Kobo retailer ought to robotically be accessible to you in your Kindle or Kobo E Ink pill. And with Kindle titles, particularly, since they’re protected by DRM, it’s not essentially the perfect concept to attempt to deliver these titles over to a third-party system. Except the pill helps studying apps like Amazon’s Kindle or the Kobo app, you’ll be restricted to supported file sorts, like ePUB, PDF, MOBI, JPEG, PNG and others.

Search performance

Third, most E Ink tablets have some search options, however they will differ extensively between fashions. You’ll need to take into account how essential it’s to you to have the ability to search via all of your handwritten notes and markups. I seen that Amazon’s and Kobo’s E Ink tablets made it simple to refer again to notes made in books and recordsdata as a result of they robotically save on which pages you took notes, made highlights and extra. Looking is much less standardized on E Ink tablets which have totally different supported file sorts, however their options may be fairly highly effective in their very own proper. For instance, a couple of units I examined supported textual content search in handwritten notes together with handwriting recognition, the latter of which lets you translate your scribbles into typed textual content.

Sharing and connectivity

The ultimate issue to think about is sharing and connectivity. Sure, we established that E Ink tablets may be nice distraction-free units, however most producers perceive that your notes and doodles aren’t created in a vacuum. You’ll seemingly need to entry them elsewhere, and that requires some type of connectivity. The entire E Ink tablets I attempted had been Wi-Fi units, and a few supported cloud syncing, companion cellular apps and the power to export notes by way of e mail so you possibly can entry them elsewhere. None of them, nonetheless, combine immediately with a digital observe taking system like Evernote or OneNote, so these units will at all times be considerably supplementary in the event you use apps like that, too. In the end, it’s best to take into consideration what it would be best to do with the paperwork you’ll work together with in your E Ink pill after the pill portion is finished.


Display measurement: 10.3-inch | Battery life: Two weeks | Community connectivity: Wi-Fi | Capability: 8GB | Included stylus: No, further price | Supported file sorts: PDF, EPUB

The most recent reMarkable pill isn’t topping our record as a result of it’s essentially the most full-featured and even most attention-grabbing writing pill we examined. Moderately, it offers the perfect mixture of options individuals will discover helpful in an e-paper system like this. We’ll get into all of them, however first, it’s price mentioning construct high quality. The reMarkable 2 weighs lower than one pound and is likely one of the sleekest E Ink tablets we tried. It has a ten.3-inch monochrome digital paper show that’s surrounded by beige-colored bezels, with the chunkiest portion on the backside edge the place you’d naturally grip it. There’s a slim silver bezel on the left aspect, which attaches to equipment just like the folio case and the brand new Kind Folio keyboard. Hats off to reMarkable for making an E Ink pill that feels proper at residence with your whole different fancy devices.

Let’s begin with the writing and studying experiences on the reMarkable 2, each of that are nice. From the get go, scribbling, doodling and writing was a breeze. We examined out the Marker Plus, which has a built-in eraser, however each it and the usual Marker are tilt- and strain delicate pens, and require no batteries or charging. I noticed principally no lag between my urgent down onto the reMarkable 2’s display and contours exhibiting up. The latency was so low that it felt the closest to precise pen-and-paper. However I’ll say that this isn’t distinctive amongst our prime picks on this information – virtually all the E Ink tablets we examined acquired this very essential characteristic proper.

Relating to studying, the reMarkable 2 helps PDFs and ePUBs, and you may add recordsdata to the system by logging into your reMarkable account on desktop or by way of the companion cellular app in your telephone. You can too pair your Google Drive, Microsoft OneDrive or Dropbox account along with your reMarkable account and entry recordsdata that manner as properly. That ought to be ok for anybody who, say, reads plenty of tutorial papers or opinions many paperwork for work. It’ll be more durable for individuals who buy their ebooks from on-line marketplaces just like the Kindle or Kobo shops, however there are different choices for these.

One other enjoyable approach to get paperwork onto the reMarkable 2 is by way of the Learn with reMarkable extension for Google Chrome. After putting in it and pairing your reMarkable account, you’ll be capable of ship articles you discover on-line on to your reMarkable 2 so you possibly can verify them out later. You’ll be able to even customise these recordsdata to be despatched as textual content solely, which can allow you to change their format immediately in your reMarkable, or as a PDF file. No matter which you select, you’ll be capable of mark up these articles as you’d some other file on the E Ink pill. I used this extension rather a lot and I did get pleasure from studying longform articles on the reMarkable 2 greater than on my iPhone. With the ability to underline, spotlight and in any other case mark up these tales was extra of a bonus than a necessity for me, however for others who glean sources from on-line supplies will likely be higher off for it.

General, it’s fairly simple to get recordsdata onto the reMarkable 2 and it’s potential to entry them elsewhere when you could not be capable of whip out the E Ink pill. These with a reMarkable Join subscription can have the perfect expertise, and it’s a pleasant perk that you just get a one-year membership while you purchase one. The $3-per-month subscription offers the power to edit present notes and take new ones from anyplace utilizing the desktop and cellular apps, plus limitless cloud storage and syncing. On that final entrance, in the event you don’t pay for Join, solely “notes and paperwork synced on-line within the final 50 days” will likely be accessible in reMarkable’s companion apps. I think 50 days price of doc syncing will likely be sufficient for some, however not power-users. Placing the power to take notes anyplace behind a paywall is a little bit of a bummer it doesn’t matter what and makes it a lot more durable for anybody to make use of the reMarkable ecosystem as their most important note-taking area.

That stated, I saved most of my testing to the reMarkable 2 itself and was impressed by its potential to be a digital pocket book with no steep studying curve. You’ll be able to create totally different notebooks and “fast sheets” to prepare your handwritten notes, and folders to make sense of imported recordsdata. You’ll discover eight totally different brush sorts with which to mark up paperwork and take notes, together with customizable line thicknesses and “colours” (which simply present up as shades on the pill itself). You’ll be able to even sort wherever you need in a doc, and the reMarkable 2 can translate handwritten notes into machine-readable textual content with shocking accuracy.

It was no shock that the reMarkable 2 ended up having the perfect mixture of options, together with a comparatively low studying curve. The corporate was one of many first on the scene with a really viable E Ink pill again in 2017, and so they’ve been refining the expertise ever since. However that comes at a value – the reMarkable 2 isn’t the most costly E Ink pill we examined, nevertheless it’s not low-cost both. The pill alone will set you again $299, and you then’ll must shell out both $79 or $129 for the Marker or Marker Plus, respectively. In all, you’re taking a look at $430 for the perfect model of the reMarkable 2 you may get (and that assumes you skip the brand new $199 Kind Folio Keyboard). You would get a Ninth-gen iPad and the 1st-gen Apple Pencil for a similar worth and also you’d have a extra versatile duo, purely primarily based on the capabilities of iOS.

However you’re in all probability not contemplating an iPad for a selected motive, whether or not that’s your love for E Ink or the sensation of pen-to-paper writing, otherwise you merely desire a extra distraction-free expertise. For those who’re searching for an E Ink pill that won’t take ages to get used to, presents a stellar writing expertise and makes it comparatively easy to entry notes elsewhere, the reMarkable 2 is your greatest wager.


  • Nice studying and writing expertise
  • Google Drive, Microsoft OneDrive and Dropbox help
  • Straightforward to make use of

  • Marker prices further
  • Costly
  • Limitless cloud storage comes with a subscription price

$299 at reMarkable

Photograph by Cherlynn Low / Engadget

Display measurement: 10.2-inch | Battery life: Months | Community connectivity: Wi-Fi, Bluetooth | Capability: As much as 64GB | Included stylus: Sure | Supported file sorts: AZW3, AZW, TXT, PDF, unprotected MOBI, PRC natively and extra

You actually have two choices on this area: the Amazon Kindle Scribe and the Kobo Elipsa 2E. The Scribe edged out the Elipsa 2E purely due to its low-latency pen-and-screen mixture. The Elipsa has its deserves, which we’ll get into in a bit, nevertheless it simply couldn’t compete with the Scribe when it got here to a seamless and easy handwriting expertise.

We already gave the Kindle Scribe the complete overview therapy, and on the whole, I loved it whereas testing it out for this information, too. As talked about, there’s little to no latency when writing on the Scribe with its companion pen. Due to the most recent software program replace, you even have extra brush sorts to select from now, together with fountain pen, marker and pencil, which add to the appeal. Like different E Ink tablets, the Scribe makes it simple to create a number of notebooks, and you may add pages to them and alter up their templates if you want.

As an e-reader, the Scribe shines not solely due to its 10.2-inch touchscreen with auto-adjusting entrance lights, but additionally as a result of you’ve got Amazon’s complete e-book retailer at your fingertips. For those who get most of your studying materials from Amazon or subscribe to Kindle Limitless, you’ll be capable of bounce proper into your whole titles immediately on the Scribe. As well as, the Scribe can connect with Audible by way of Bluetooth for audiobook listening. It’s additionally simple to get ebooks out of your native library and skim them on a Kindle. This will likely be essential not just for voracious readers, however particularly for college kids who purchase or hire digital textbooks and people who devour books repeatedly for analysis functions.

I considered college students rather a lot when utilizing the Scribe. I began school in 2009, two years after the primary Kindle was launched and one 12 months earlier than the primary iPad got here out. Getting textbooks digitally actually wasn’t an possibility for me – however I can perceive the enchantment a note-taking system just like the Kindle Scribe would have for college kids. It’s arguably even higher than an ordinary Kindle as a result of its larger display measurement, which can make it much less tiring to stare at for lengthy durations of time. Including the power to take handwritten notes whilst you’re learning is icing on the cake.

Nevertheless, Amazon’s execution of e book notes will not be my favourite. You really can’t make annotations within the margins of Kindle ebooks. As a substitute you press and maintain the pen’s tip on the display to focus on textual content or add a observe to a selected phrase or phrase. For those who do the latter, a window pops up on the underside half of the display the place you possibly can both take a handwritten observe or sort a textual content observe utilizing the Scribe’s mildly irritating and sluggish on-screen keyboard.

Amazon just lately rectified this a bit with a software program replace that enables for direct on-page writing in sure Kindle books. The Kindle Retailer now has a bit that showcases “Write-on Books,” which is presently principally made up of journals and sport books that characteristic puzzles like crosswords and sudoku. That is actually a step in the fitting route, nevertheless it means you continue to will not be capable of mark up your favourite fiction and non-fiction books till they help the brand new characteristic.

That is the place I give a nod to the Kobo Elipsa 2E, the place you can write notes within the margins, underline, circle and in any other case mark up your studying materials. It’s a extra pure (and enjoyable) expertise because it mimics what you’d do in the event you had been studying a bodily e book. It’s a disgrace that the latency on the Elipsa was only a hair extra noticeable than that of the Scribe. If it weren’t for that, it might need overwhelmed Amazon’s system right here.

What that further little bit of latency interprets to in follow is handwriting that may come out only a bit messier, and that will increase precipitously the quicker you write. However that additionally signifies that you’ll discover this essentially the most when taking notes longhand on the Elipsa; in the event you’re primarily utilizing an E Ink pill to mark up paperwork, it gained’t have an effect on you as a lot. Regardless of that, I did like the way in which Kobo executed notebooks on the Elipsa. You’ll be able to have an ordinary pocket book the place you possibly can write and scribble away, or an “superior” pocket book that helps handwriting-to-text conversion and inserting issues like diagrams and formulation. Textual content conversion is definitely fairly correct, too, even when coping with a few of my ugliest handwriting.

Kobo additionally has a fairly sizable e-book market, so it’s actually an honest possibility if you wish to keep away from the Amazon ecosystem. However Amazon has the higher hand in the case of worth. The Kobo Elipsa 2E pack that features its stylus is $399, whereas the 16GB Kindle Scribe with the premium pen (which incorporates devoted eraser and shortcut buttons) is available in at $369. Even in the event you max out the Scribe with 64GB of storage, you’d solely spend $20 greater than you’d on the Kobo Elipsa. That, mixed with the Scribe’s sturdy total efficiency and the ubiquity of Amazon’s e-book choices will make it the higher selection for many readers.


  • Primary pen included in price
  • Seamlessly integrates with Kindle books
  • Low-latency writing expertise

  • Writing in margins restricted to sure books
  • Inelegant pocket book expertise

$370 at Amazon


Display measurement: 10.3-inch | Battery life: Weeks | Community connectivity: Wi-Fi, Bluetooth | Capability: 32GB | Included stylus: No, further price | Supported file sorts: PDF, EPUB, Phrase, Textual content (.txt), PNG, JPG, Comedian e book archive (.cbz), FictionBook2 (.fb2) and OpenXPS (.xps)

I spent some time testing all of those E Ink tablets, and the Supernote X is the one I used to be constantly most excited to make use of. As a pocket book nerd, I discover this factor so cool. Out there in 10.3-inch (what I examined) and seven.8-inch sizes, the Supernote X has a “FeelWrite” display protector that has a special really feel than an ordinary e-paper display. When writing on it with Coronary heart of Steel Pen 2, which is weighty and appears like a fountain pen, you get a gel pen-like really feel moderately than the subtly scratchy vibe that different E Ink tablets have. The truth is, the Supernote X has among the best writing experiences out of any pill I examined.

The Supernote X helps a variety of file codecs, together with PDF, ePUB, Phrase (.doc), PNG and JPG, which actually opens up the content material you possibly can put onto the factor. I wished to see if I may deal with it virtually like a digital bullet journal, and that wasn’t onerous to do. There are built-in web page templates, however I used to be capable of obtain every day, weekly and month-to-month planner templates on-line, resize them and transfer them onto the Supernote X utilizing Android File Switch. The system has a devoted “MyStyle” folder the place it can save you recordsdata you need to use as templates. Probably the most troublesome half was ensuring I had the size proper whereas resizing the paperwork. As soon as saved in the fitting folder, I may make a complete pocket book out of the templates I had gotten from the web without spending a dime.

Supernote does have its personal “app retailer,” however there’s not a lot in there, and its Play Retailer choices are restricted to solely the Kindle app. This system doesn’t have a backlight, so it gained’t be simple to see in darkish environments. However you possibly can obtain Amazon’s e-book app and skim similar to you’d on an ordinary pill (no, you possibly can’t mark up books right here both).

Truthfully, the very last thing I wished to do with the Supernote X was learn, although. The system actually shines as an E Ink pocket book and the corporate clearly put plenty of thought into “constructing a greater mousetrap,” so to talk. You’ll be able to translate handwritten phrases into typed textual content, however you don’t have to do this to ensure that the software program to acknowledge your handwriting. There’s a key phrases characteristic that permits you to principally bookmark essential phrases for fast entry later. All that you must do is lasso the phrase, press the key phrase button and the pill’s software program will translate your writing into typed textual content. Then you possibly can add it as a key phrase and rapidly bounce again to it from the left-side pill of contents menu. Equally, you possibly can bookmark titles and add stars to pages which might be essential, all of which make it easier to bounce between essential bits.

That stated, the Supernote X typically felt a little bit inconsistent. The writing expertise was top-notch, however there have been different issues that felt rather less polished. For instance, you possibly can swipe down on the fitting bezel to deliver up a menu that permits you to rapidly navigate between favorited notes and up to date paperwork – that’s fairly considerate. However then the Recordsdata web page simply has a few starkly named folders like Export, Screenshot and Inbox that I didn’t contact as soon as, and the pen sidebar has extra choices than most individuals will know what to do with (and none of them have textual content labels).

These are small nit-picks, however they go to point out that the Supernote X may not be the perfect system for tech novices. There’s a studying curve right here, however pocket book nerds like myself will likely be thrilled with all that the Supernote X has to supply. Unsurprisingly, all these superior options come at a steep worth: the A5-sized pill with a folio and pen will set you again no less than $532, making it the most costly set on our record.


  • Glorious writing expertise
  • Tons of pocket book customization choices
  • Good handwriting recognition

  • Pen comes at an added price
  • Costly
  • No backlight

$415 at Supernote


Display measurement: 10.3-inch | Battery life: As much as 4 weeks | Community connectivity: Wi-Fi, Bluetooth | Capability: 64GB | Included stylus: Sure | Supported file sorts: PDF, PPT, EPUB, TXT, DJVU, HTML, RTF, FB2, DOC, MOBI, CHM, PNG, JPG, TIFF, BMP

Whereas we haven’t absolutely examined the brand new Boox Observe Air 3, we really feel snug recommending it right here as a result of it’s principally only a barely upgraded model of our earlier decide, the Observe Air 2 Plus. Key variations are the Observe Air 3’s quicker processor and new fingerprint recognition characteristic, however in any other case each units have the identical 10.3-inch “paperlike” display, run the most recent model of Android and are available bundled with a stylus.

Based mostly on our expertise with the Observe Air 2 Plus, Boox’s complete Observe collection is what you’d get in the event you eliminated a number of the notebook-specific options from the Supernote X and added in a extra full model of Android. Boox makes plenty of attention-grabbing E Ink units and the Observe Air 2 Plus/Observe Air 3 are those that greatest examine to the others on our record due to its 10.3-inch show. They’re E Ink Android tablets, so which means you possibly can really obtain Android apps from the Google Play Retailer like Kindle, Kobo and others. There’s even an online browser, and sure, you possibly can watch movies on this factor, too.

After all, simply because you are able to do all of that doesn’t imply it’s best to. E Ink screens are really greatest for studying and writing, so I didn’t spend a lot time binge watching YouTube on Boox’s system – however I used to be completely happy that I had the liberty to take action. Actually, the utility of Android is available in with the app retailer and I anticipate that most individuals will use it to obtain all of their favourite studying and writing apps. Very like an ordinary pill, this will likely be a terrific possibility for anybody that will get their studying materials from a bunch of various locations — and since you possibly can manually switch paperwork out of your pc to the system, too, it’s far-and-away essentially the most versatile possibility on our record.

I skilled little to no latency when writing on Boox’s system and I used to be pleased with the variety of brush choices it has. Just like the Supernote X, it comes with a bunch of web page templates you should utilize, or you possibly can herald your personal PDFs and different paperwork to make use of as templates. There’s an “AI recognition” characteristic that interprets an entire web page’s handwriting into typed textual content, and it’s really fairly correct. (Although, it did constantly confuse my “&” for a capital A). I additionally appreciated which you can add different kinds of fabric to your notes, together with internet pages and voice recordings, and share notes as PDFs or PNGs by way of e mail, Google Drive and different companies. Options like these be sure that, with this partially analog system, you don’t miss out on a number of the conveniences {that a} true digital pocket book system would have.

And, importantly, Boox tablets on the whole supply an attention-grabbing worth proposition. A Observe Air 3 bundle with the pill, an ordinary pen and a folio case is available in at $400, placing it on the upper finish of the value spectrum among the many units we examined. However contemplating it’s a full Android pill, that doesn’t appear absurd. Those that need to keep away from distractions more often than not whereas nonetheless accessing e mail and an online browser would possibly gravitate in the direction of a tool like this.

There’s additionally the Observe Air 3 C, a model of the identical pill that has a shade e-paper show, and had been capable of spend a while with that system. Shade, unsurprisingly, provides plenty of dimension and enjoyable to a tool like this. Not solely are you able to get pleasure from full-color pictures in books, however you can too take notes, spotlight and mark up paperwork utilizing a couple of totally different colours of digital pens and markers. The massive caveat, although, is that the Observe Air 3 C prices $100 greater than the usual Observe Air 3, so you may must pay a premium if shade is a precedence for you.


  • Runs Android 11 with entry to Google Play Retailer
  • Helps some ways so as to add recordsdata to the system
  • Stylus included within the field
  • Shade E Ink show possibility accessible at an extra price

  • E Ink display hinders it from being a great video-consumption system
  • Not as user-friendly as others

$400 at Boox

Different E Ink tablets we have examined

Lenovo Good Paper

Lenovo made a strong E Ink pill within the Good Paper, nevertheless it’s too dear and too married to the corporate’s companion cloud service to warrant a spot on our prime picks record. The {hardware} is nice, however the software program is not as versatile as these of opponents just like the reMarkable 2. It has good Google Drive integration, however you have to pair it with Lenovo’s cloud service to essentially get essentially the most use out of it — and within the UK, the service prices £9 per 30 days for 3 months, which is sort of costly.

Onyx Boox Tab Extremely

The Boox Tab Extremely has plenty of the identical options we like within the Observe Air 2 Plus, nevertheless it’s designed to be a real, all-purpose pill with an E Ink display. Working Android 11 and suitable with a magnetic keyboard case, you should utilize it like an ordinary 2-in-1 laptop computer, albeit a low-powered one. You’ll be able to browse the net, verify e mail and even watch YouTube movies on this factor — however that doesn’t imply it’s best to. A typical 2-in-1 laptop computer with a extra responsive display and higher total efficiency could be a greater match for most individuals who even have the slightest need to have an all-in-one system. Like the remainder of Onyx’s units, the Tab Extremely is particularly for many who put studying and eye consolation above all else.

TCL NXTPAPER 14 Professional

We acquired to spend a while with TCL’s newest E Ink-like pill at CES, the NXTPAPER 14 Professional. Utilizing the corporate’s NXTPAPER 3.0 know-how, the system isn’t exactly an E Ink pill however one which makes an attempt to strike a steadiness between the shows of ereaders and commonplace slabs. It focuses on eye consolation by filtering out as much as 61 % of blue gentle, utilizing a Circularly Polarized Gentle (CPL) display and the like. TCL has not revealed pricing for the NXTPAPER 14 Professional, nevertheless it did affirm it will arrive within the US in early 2024.

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